Mining And Mineral Trade in Sudan Research Group (MineTS)


Raphaëlle Chevrillon-Guibert (IRD, UMR PRODIG)

As in many other Sahelian countries, Sudan’s non-oil mineral resources started in recent years to become of macroeconomic importance, most of all after the separation of South Sudan in 2011, when they became a source of compensation for oil revenues lost to the new state. This was all the more important as oil revenues had been an essential part of Sudan’s budget, and, amidst a parallel surge in artisanal mining, there was an attempt to increase significantly foreign and domestic investment in the industrial mining sector. This development is connected to a wide range of dynamics that this JEAI seeks to investigate through an interdisciplinary approach to political economy: how this development generates new conflicts and rekindles old ones and how those political and socio-economic transformations redefine state-society and core-periphery relationships. The project will initially examine new arrangements of accumulation through mining and mineral trade in Sudan, and their impact on elites’ transformation. The team will analyse how people evolve in this new economic context, their new interests, new ways of coping and new opportunities. A second part will study the grammar of domination and the subjection of agency at play in local governance at mines, transportation routes and distribution points (shops, markets, wholesale). A third element of the project will analyse how ethical notions of wealth redistribution and social responsibility influence how profit from mining and mineral trade is made. It will examine the existing linkages between land access and usage (including environmental health) and contracts or other permissive arrangements to extract mineral resources, in particular how conditions of labor (including wages and occupational health) are linked to trade networks with dynamics of inclusion/exclusion and profit margins.

Research category
Main disciplines
Human Geography, Political Science, Economic and Political Anthropology, Political Economy
Main topics
Keywords : Extractive activities; Natural resource access and distribution; Conflicts; Political economy; Political ecology; Sudan/Sahel Research Thematics : 1. Relations between societies and environment (Access to resources) 2. Development, social an
Reasearch team
  • Raphaëlle CHEVRILLON-GUIBERT, chargée de recherche sociologie politique, IRD
Public academic partners
Centre for Peace and Development Studies, University of Bahri (to be confirmed); Centre d’étude et de documentation économique, juridique et sociale (UMIFRE- USR CEDEJ)
Private industrial partners
Non spécifié
Civil society partners
Public stakeholders and collectivities
Non spécifié
Project duration
en cours. pas de durée définie

Project valorisation

Publication in which journal, colloquiums, national or international restitution workshops, books, film *
Chevrillon-Guibert R, Gagnol L., Magrin G. 2019, ""Les ruées vers l'or au Sahara et au Nord du Sahel: ferment de crises ou stabilisateur?"", Hérodote n°172 (à paraître en mars) Chevrillon-Guibert R. 2018, “Le gouvernement des mines au Soudan : entre opportunisme et autoritarisme », Égypte/Monde arabe, Troisième série, 18 | 2018, mis en ligne le 15 juin 2020, consulté le 26 septembre 2018. URL : ; DOI : 10.4000/ema.4176 2018 Chevrillon-Guibert R & Géraud Magrin 2018, “Ruées vers l’or au Soudan, au Tchad et au Sahel : logiques étatiques, mobilités et contrôle territorial”, Bulletin de l’Association des Géographes Français, 2018-2 Chevrillon-Guibert R. 2016,« Le Boom de l’or au Soudan », International Development Policy | Revue internationale de politique de développement [En ligne], 7.1 | 2016, mis en ligne le 29 novembre 2016, consulté le 04 janvier 2019. URL : ; DOI : 10.4000/poldev.2231 Ille E. 2016, “Complications in the classification of conflict areas and conflict actors for the identification of ‘conflict gold’ from Sudan”, The Extractive Industries and Society 3: 193-203. à venir: 2 projets de publication collective : Afrique contemporaine (Special Issue on Sudan), Political Geography (Special Issue on Extractives Activities)