Traditional ecological knowledge and sustainable development
Maria Cristina Teixeira Braga Messias
Models of sustainable development need to be based on the relationship between humans and nature. On this point of view the well-being of a community need to ensure economic development associated with the conservation of the environment as well as the social and cultural aspects of the people. Traditional peoples' knowledge (TEK) about plants, animals, environmental phenomena and ecosystem management is very rich in tropical countries and should be used as tools for ecological management. In the Quadrilátero Ferrífero, Brazil, the multiethnic community, formed by the miscegenation of Indians, Europeans and Africans, lead to a high diversity of TEK, encompassing useful plants and natural resources management. Areas used for mining, have soils with particular aspects, usually without agricultural aptitude and presenting levels of soil elements that can prevent or hinder the rehabilitation of degraded areas. People living in these regions have demonstrated ability to manage these areas, with knowledge acquired mainly by orality, over the generations. Plants stand out among the managed resources, used for various purposes, such as food, medicinal, ornamental, logging, fodder, among other uses. The registration and analysis of traditional knowledge has shown, in several regions of the world, including Brazil, an important tool both for the conservation of both - the environment and the culture of the peoples. This set of praxis is of fundamental importance in areas of mineral exploration, and can be included in practices for the rehabilitation of degraded areas, establishment of priority areas for conservation and guarantee diversification of land use.
Public academic partners
Private industrial partners
Civil society partners
Public stakeholders and collectivities
Publication in which journal, colloquiums, national or international restitution workshops, books, film *